FOGO (Food Organics, Garden Organics) refers to the weekly collection of food scraps and garden organics, which once collected will turned into compost. A handy way to think about FOGO is 'if it didn't live or grow, it isn't FOGO'.
As the population grows, so does the amount of waste generated. It is important that we take action on our waste now. The FOGO bin service diverts a significant amount of organic waste from landfill, and instead recycles it into compost.
The FOGO bin has already been successfully introduced in several local government areas and others are joining this sustainability initiative. Everyone can help reduce the impact of waste and improve environmental outcomes by using their kerbside bins correctly.
Currently, residents within the City of Kalamunda, generate about 480kg of waste per annum per resident, which is the seventh highest within the 32 Councils that make up the Perth and Peel region. Of this 480kg, only 22% is diverted away from landfill.
The current waste system is not sustainable or in line with best practice kerbside collection.
Scroll down for more information and to view our FAQs.
City to push ahead with Waste Management Initiatives
The City of Kalamunda will push ahead with plans to implement for residents a Food Organic and Garden Organic (FOGO) kerbside collection and processing in 2024
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FOGO stands for Food Organics Garden Organics and refers to the collection of food scraps and natural material from your garden to create high quality compost through a three-bin system.
FOGO is currently best practice for waste management and recycling and previous implementation shows it will double, at a minimum, the amount of waste diverted away from landfill (though this may be much larger depending of the area and bin system currently
FOGO is part of the statewide ‘Better Bins’ initiative as part of the WARR strategy, which aims to reduce waste through a multi-pronged circular approach including strategies to:
Learn more about ‘Better Bins’ and FOGO.
FOGO stands for Food Organics, Garden Organics and refers to the weekly collection of food scraps and garden organics which is turned into compost.
As our population grows, so does the amount of waste we generate. This a problem we need to tackle.
The WA State Government requires all local governments in Perth and Peel to move to FOGO by 2025. The City's early adoption of FOGO is part of our ongoing commitment to reduce waste and reduce greenhouse gases. Click here to view the Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery Strategy 2030.
FOGO has already been successfully introduced in several local government areas and others are joining this sustainability initiative.
The new FOGO bin service will divert a significant amount of organic waste from landfill, which will then be recycled into compost. The rollout of FOGO is supported by the Government of Western Australia and the Waste Authority through the Better Bins Plus: GO FOGO Program.
Organic waste is a problem in landfill as it produces methane, a harmful greenhouse gas that is 25 times more potent than carbon dioxide. Turning it into compost reduces the impact on the environment and allows waste to become a usable product.
Existing landfill sites are also nearing capacity and creating new sites can cause significant detrimental effects through land clearing, loss of habitat for local wildlife, and potential groundwater and soil contamination from the leaching of heavy metals and chemicals.
The Western Australian State Government have set targets for 75% of waste diverted from landfill by 2030. The new 3-Bin kerb-side system incorporating the FOGO bin will help us achieve these targets.
You will be advised of the specific start date prior to roll out however, the City anticipates the roll out to commence in mid-2024. The service will be delivered to all households with an existing domestic Rubbish and Recycling bin service.
The average rubbish bin contains about 60% organic waste that can be composted. All food waste, including fruit, vegetables, meat, fish, bones, dairy products, eggshells, bread, pasta, cereals, tea bags, coffee grinds and table scraps can be put in the FOGO bin. Garden waste includes lawn clippings, garden prunings, leaves, weeds and flowers. Even hair, tissues, clean and soiled paper products and cardboard can be included.
An easy way to remember is "If it didn't live or grow, it's not FOGO".
The bin lids are changing to comply with Australian Standard colours for waste bins. This will assist in delivering consistent messaging across the State and enabling improved source separation and reduced contamination of waste streams.
If you currently have the two-bin system, your household will soon have three separate bins: one for general waste, a FOGO bin for compost and a recycling bin.
If you find your household is struggling with capacity issues after you start using the new bins, contact us to see if a solution can be provided to you.
You will always put out two bins each week.
Lime-green lidded FOGO bin (WEEKLY):
All food organics including:
The contents of this bin will be composted so it’s important to keep plastic and glass out of this bin.
All food waste is to go into your FOGO bin either in a compostable liner, wrapped in newspaper or loose in the bin. Please make sure all food packaging is removed and placed in the correct bin, as any plastic/foam packaging will contaminate the compost.
Biodegradable or any other plastic bags/liners are not to go into your FOGO bin. Only compostable liners are to be used as they will break down naturally in the composting process.
Yellow lidded recycling bin (FORTNIGHTLY):
Recyclable materials including:
All items should be clean, dry and empty with lids removed and placed in the bin loosely.
The following items should NOT be placed into your yellow-lidded recycling bin:
Red-lidded general waste bin (FORTNIGHTLY):
General rubbish items that cannot be composted or recycled, such as:
The following items should not be placed into your red-lidded general waste bin:
For a full A-Z list of what goes in what bin, visit Waste and Recycling Options A-Z in the Waste and Recycling Guide page 7 https://www.kalamunda.wa.gov.au/docs/default-source/waste-docs/waste-recycling-guide.pdf?sfvrsn=40d3d4d3_25 .
A general ‘rule of thumb’ is that you will always be putting two bins out. FOGO will go out every week and your general waste and recycling bin will alternate.
If you already have a kerbside collection with wheelie bins, such as single houses, grouped dwellings or villas, multi-unit developments (MUDs) you will move to FOGO in mid-2024.
Changes in global markets and tighter restrictions on recyclables now mean that some materials previously accepted have now been excluded to create a standard approach to recycling across WA. This will help everyone better understand what goes in what bin regardless of what area you live in. The aim of these changes is to reduce contamination and create cleaner recyclables for processing.
There are three main changes to what you can now put into your recycling yellow-lidded bin. Aerosols, soft plastics and meat trays are no longer to be placed in the yellow-lidded bin.
These types of plastics are soft and can easily by scrunched up into a ball. They include items such as:
These items can be placed in your red-lidded general waste bin. Cling film (cling wrap) can be placed in your red-lidded general waste bin.
If you are unsure about any other items and which bin to put it in check out Materials A-Z – Recycle Right.
Your FOGO bin can help you with the items that you don’t put in your compost such as weed seeds, excess lawn clippings and leaves, meat, bones and dairy products. Some people don’t like to put eggshells in their compost as they take a long time to break down.
Compost heaps need the right blend of ‘green’ and ‘brown’ materials so if you’ve got excess of one type, you can add it to the green bin, knowing that it will still be composted.
You can also use your FOGO bin for green waste such as leaves, branches and garden materials. Branches that are too thick for the compost heap can also be put in the organics bin.
Worms do not usually like onions, citrus, eggshells and potato peels. You can put the things they don’t like in the organics bin. Feel free to continue burying your organic waste as it is great for adding nutrients to the soil. If there are some things that you do not bury, they can be put in the FOGO bin.
Chickens are great at turning organic matter into fertilizer. There are some things that chickens won’t eat so they can be put in the FOGO bin.
You’ll be doing a great thing for the environment. Plus, over time, you will save money. In future, waste will cost a lot more as taxes on landfill increase so by diverting organic waste from landfill, it won’t cost the City as much, saving you money in the long term.
It is unlikely there will be changes to your current collection day. If there are changes, you will be notified in advance.
FOGO will be collected weekly, while rubbish and recycling will be collected fortnightly (alternating). This will ensure there are never more than two bins on your verge at the same time.
If you do use bags, they must be compostable. You don’t have to use bags – you can put things straight in the bin or wrap them in newspaper.
Households will be supplied with several rolls of compostable bags and a kitchen caddy at the start of the service to help your household use your FOGO bin.
Ensure your compostable bags have one of the following symbols for Australian Standards for compostable bags:
No! Plastic bags contaminate the compost. Degradable and biodegradable bags are not suitable for composting either – the bags need to be compostable to break down in the organics facility and not contain the chemicals found in plastic. Please make sure they have the Australian Standard for compostable bags logo (pictured below).
Biodegradable bags still contain chemicals that will contaminate the compost.
Yes, your caddy can be placed in the bottom shelf of your dishwasher. Don’t forget to pop the lid off the caddy to avoid damaging the writing on the lid.
This is something we are working on right now. Ensuring that it the FOGO waste is processed correctly and that it is distributed as compost is a priority for the City. Stay tuned for more details.
The FOGO bin will be collected weekly so shouldn’t smell any more than your rubbish bin does now.
Your general waste bin will be collected fortnightly. Most things that cause smells in the bin can be put in the FOGO bin, with a couple of exceptions, such as disposable nappies.
Wrapping food scraps in newspaper helps reduce smells or you can use compostable bags. Layering food waste with dry materials, like lawn clippings and paper can also help. Freeze particularly odorous food scraps, like seafood, and put them in the FOGO bin the night before collection.
Tips to reduce smells and insects:
No. They should all be placed in the general waste bin. Emptying the poo down the toilet and securing the nappy in a plastic bag will minimise odours.
Research has shown that nappies smell progressively worse for four days then do not smell any worse (or better) after that. So, a rubbish bin with nappies in it smells no worse after 14 days than it does after 7 days.
There are some simple measures you can take to minimise odour:
No, there will be no changes to recycling.
If your recycling bin is full, you can put newspaper, cardboard and paper in the FOGO bin. Ensure you are sorting your waste correctly into each of your bins to maximise available space.
Fit more in your recycling bin by:
Please ensure recyclables are loose in the bin and not in plastic bags. Recyclables tied up in plastic bags are considered as contamination.
No. Once rolled out, the 3-bin FOGO service will become the standard collection service within the City and we encourage all households to participate to the best of their ability. Under the State Government’s Waste Strategy 2030, all Councils will need to move to a three bin FOGO system by 2025.
You are welcome to contact us and discuss any concerns or restrictions that might inhibit you from fully participating in the 3-bin FOGO system. We will provide plenty of support and information to resident to assist with a smooth transition. If you have special circumstances, please contact us for further information.
No, but we audit the contents of the bins when they arrive at their respective processing facilities. We will keep you updated with our achievements!
Contact our service provider, Cleanaway on 9449 3332 to discuss the matter further.
There will be no cost to residents for the standard FOGO service. The rollout of FOGO is supported by the Government of Western Australia and the Waste Authority through the Better Bins Plus: GO FOGO Program.
You will still only be placing two bins out on your verge for collection each week. Each week you will place your FOGO bin on the verge and the general waste and recycling bin will be put out on alternate weeks.
The new general waste bin is a slightly smaller 140 litre size with an additional footprint of approximately 50cm. If you are still struggling with space on your property, please contact us.
Please ensure you separate organic food waste and place it in the FOGO bin and separate recyclable items and place them in the recycle bin or recycle them appropriately. Containers for Change accept a range of beverage containers. Refer to our Household Hazardous Waste page to view where residents can drop household hazardous waste, e-waste and bulk waste.
If you have special needs, please contact us so we can assist you.
The City is not currently offering a FOGO bin service to commercial properties in the City of Kalamunda.
Make sure you stay up to date with FOGO and subscribe to the City’s eNews.
Learn more about statewide wastes initiatives www.wasteauthority.wa.gov.au or download the WARR Strategy 2030.
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We respectfully acknowledge the Traditional Owners, the Whadjuk Noongar People as the Custodians of this land. We also pay respect to all Aboriginal community Elders, past, present and future who have and continue to reside in the area and have been an integral part of the history of this region.